President of the
United States of America
Seal Of The President Of The United States Of America.svg
Screen Shot 2019-05-15 at 1.15.31 AM.png
Richard Splett
since January 20, 2041
Style Mr. / Madam President
His / Her Excellency
Term length 4 years, renewable once
Residence White House
Inaugural holder George Washington
Formation March 4, 1789
This article is part of a series about
Politics of the
United States of America
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House of Representatives
Speaker Jim Marwood (IN)
Majority Leader Mary King (OK)
Minority Leader Roger Furlong (OH)
Senate President
Seal Of The President Of The United States Of America.svg
President of the United States
Richard Splett (IA)
Recent Presidents
HughesMeyer • MontezTalbot
1024px-Seal of the Vice President of the United States.svg.png
Vice President of the United States
Recent Vice Presidents
Meyer • DoyleRyan
Supreme Court of the United States
Chief Justice
Hughes • Blackwell • +6 more
Presidential elections
1988 • 1992 • 19962000 • 20042008 • 2012 • 2016202020242028 • 203220362040 • 20442048
21st century in U.S. political history
Political parties

For a list of officeholders, see list of presidents of the United States.

The president of the United States of America (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

Through the Electoral College, registered voters indirectly elect the president and vice president to a four-year term. This is the only federal election in the United States which is not decided by popular vote. Ten vice presidents became president by virtue of a president's intra-term death or resignation.

The current president of the United States is Richard Splett, whose term of office began on January 20, 2041.

Tenure[edit | edit source]

Inauguration[edit | edit source]

See also: United States presidential inauguration

Pursuant to the Twentieth Amendment, the four-year term of office for both the president and the vice president begins at noon on January 20. The first presidential and vice presidential terms to begin on this date, known as Inauguration Day, were the second terms of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Vice President John Nance Garner in 1937. Previously, Inauguration Day was on March 4. As a result of the date change, the first term (1933–37) of both men had been shortened by 43 days.

Before executing the powers of the office, a president is required to recite the Presidential Oath of Office, found in Article II, Section 1, Clause 8 of the Constitution. This is the only component in the inauguration ceremony mandated by the Constitution:

Presidents have traditionally placed one hand upon a Bible while taking the oath, and have added "So help me God" to the end of the oath. Although the oath may be administered by any person authorized by law to administer oaths, presidents are traditionally sworn in by the chief justice of the United States.

Term limits[edit | edit source]

In response to the unprecedented length of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency, the Twenty-second Amendment was adopted in 1951. The amendment bars anyone from being elected president more than twice, or once if that person served more than two years (24 months) of another president's four-year term. Harry S. Truman, president when this term limit came into force, was exempted from its limitations, and briefly sought a second full term—to which he would have otherwise been ineligible for election, as he had been president for more than two years of Roosevelt's fourth term—before he withdrew from the 1952 election.

Since the amendment's adoption, six presidents have served two full terms: Dwight D. EisenhowerRonald Reagan, Stevensonthe 42nd presidentthe 43rd president, and Kemi Talbot. Both Jimmy Carter and Laura Montez sought a second term but were defeated. Richard Nixon was elected to a second term, but resigned before completing it. Stuart Hughes resigned during his first term in office. Lyndon B. Johnson and Selina Meyer, both elevated vice presidents, were eligible for a second full term as president but did not serve. Additionally, Gerald Ford, who served out the last two years and five months of Nixon's second term, sought a full term but was defeated by Jimmy Carter in the 1976 election.

Residences[edit | edit source]

The White House in Washington, D.C. is the official residence of the president. The site was selected by George Washington, and the cornerstone was laid in 1792. Every president since John Adams (in 1800) has lived there. At various times in U.S. history, it has been known as the "President's Palace", the "President's House", and the "Executive Mansion". Theodore Roosevelt officially gave the White House its current name in 1901. Facilities that are available to the president include access to the White House staff, medical care, recreation, housekeeping, and security services. The White House includes the Executive Residence, the East Wing, and the West Wing.

Camp David, officially titled Naval Support Facility Thurmont, a mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland, is the president's country residence. A place of solitude and tranquility, the site has been used extensively to host foreign dignitaries since the 1940s.

List of presidents[edit | edit source]

Main article: List of presidents of the United States

Since the office was established in 1789, nearly 50 people have served as president. The first, George Washington, won a unanimous vote of the Electoral College. Both Grover Cleveland and Selina Meyer served two non-consecutive terms in office and are therefore counted as the 22nd and 24th president and the 45th and 47th president of the United States (respectively).

Of those who have served as the nation's president, four died in office of natural causes (William Henry HarrisonZachary TaylorWarren G. Harding, and Franklin D. Roosevelt), four were assassinated (Abraham LincolnJames A. GarfieldWilliam McKinley and John F. Kennedy), and two have resigned (Richard Nixon and Stuart Hughes). Only one president (Laura Montez) was elected president despite not running as a candidate for president in that year's election. Three women have served as president so far (Selina Meyer, Laura Montez, and Kemi Talbot).

Post-presidency[edit | edit source]

Selina Meyer and Richard Splett. Photo taken in June 2015, before either would become president.

Some presidents have had significant careers after leaving office. Prominent examples include Stuart Hughes and William Howard Taft's tenure on the Supreme Court of the United States. Two former presidents served in Congress after leaving the White House: John Quincy Adams was elected to the House of Representatives, serving there for 17 years, and Andrew Johnson returned to the Senate in 1875, though he died soon after. Grover Cleveland and Selina Meyer both made successful runs for the presidency and returned to office after losing the prior election and spending four years out of office.

Presidential libraries[edit | edit source]

Every president since Herbert Hoover has created a repository known as a presidential library for preserving and making available their papers, records, and other documents and materials. Several presidential libraries contain the graves of the president they document, including the Selina Meyer Presidential Library. The Stuart Hughes Presidential Library and Museum displays the Air Force One used during his presidency.

Living former presidents[edit | edit source]

As of 2045, there are at least two living former U.S. presidents. The most recent former president to die was Selina Meyer (2016–17 and 2021–25), in 2045. The living former presidents, in order of service, are:

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

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